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Sustainable Energy Conversion Processes

We are developing new, more sustainable processes which convert biomass, coal, natural gas, shale oil, and/or nuclear energy into energy products such as electricity, gasoline, diesel, methanol, dimethyl ether, and hydrogen. Process innovations can reduce lifecycle CO2 emissions, improve the thermal and carbon efficiencies, reduce fossil fuel consumption, and increase the profitability. For example, we are investigating processes which use solid oxide fuel cells to generate electricity. Not only are SOFCs efficient electrochemical devices, but when properly integrated into an energy system, electricity can be produced from fossil fuels with zero CO2 emissions. However, many challenges must be overcome before they can be used flexibly and reliably enough to satisfy peaking power demands at the municipal scale. Other projects of interest include flexible and sustainable polygeneration processes which can change their products throughout the day based on market prices or demand, and chemical looping-based polygeneration processes which can co-produce liquid fuels and electricity with zero CO2 emissions.

Image from J Power Sources, 228 281-293 (2013)

Dr. Thomas A. Adams II
Associate Professor
Lingyan Deng
Ph.D. Candidate
Haoxiang Lai
Ph.D. Candidate
Nina Monteiro
Ph.D. Candidate
Leila Hoseinzade
Ph.D. recipient
Techno-economic and environmental assessment of conceptually designed in situ lipid extraction process from microalgae
Nezammahalleh, H.Adams, T. A. II, Ghanati, Faezeh, Nostrati, Mohsen, Shojaosadati, Seyed Abbas
Algal Research, 35 547-560 (2018)  -  [ Publisher Version ]
Biomass-Gas-and-Nuclear-To-Liquids (BGNTL) Processes Part I: Model Development and Simulation
Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, 96 1853-1871 (2018)  -  [ Publisher Version | Open Access Version (free) ]
A direct steam generation concentrated solar power plant with a decalin/naphthalene thermochemical storage system
Chem Eng Res Des, 131 584-599 (2018)  -  [ Publisher Version | Open Access Version (free) ]
Combining petroleum coke and natural gas for efficient liquid fuels production
Energy, 163 426-442 (2018)  -  [ Publisher Version ]
Techno-economic comparison of acetone-butanol-ethanol fermentation using various extractants
Energy Conversion Manage, 156 288-300 (2018)  -  [ Publisher Version | Open Access Version (free) ]
The optimal design of a distillation system for the flexible polygeneration of dimethyl ether and methanol under uncertainty
Adams, T. A. IIThatho, T., Le Feuvre, Matthew C., Swartz, C. L. E.
Frontiers in Energy Research, 6 41 (2018)  -  [ Publisher Version ]
Optimization of coke oven gas desulfurization and combined cycle power plant electricity generation
Ind Eng Chem Res, 57 (38) 12816-12828 (2018)  -  [ Publisher Version ]
Dynamic modeling of integrated mixed reforming and carbonless heat systems
Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 57 (17) 6013-6023 (2018)  -  [ Publisher Version | Open Access Version (free) ]
Modeling and simulation of energy systems: A Review
Subramanian, Avinash Shankar Rammohan, Gundersen, Truls, Adams, T. A. II
Processes, 6 (12) 238 (2018)  -  [ Publisher Version | Open Access Version (free) ]
Technical challenges in operating an SOFC in fuel flexible gas turbine hybrid systems: Coupling effects of cathode air mass flow
Harun, N. F., Tucker, David, Adams, T. A. II
Applied Energy, 94 852-867 (2017)  -  [ Publisher Version | Open Access Version (free) ]