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Sustainable Energy Conversion Processes

We are developing new, more sustainable processes which convert biomass, coal, natural gas, shale oil, and/or nuclear energy into energy products such as electricity, gasoline, diesel, methanol, dimethyl ether, and hydrogen. Process innovations can reduce lifecycle CO2 emissions, improve the thermal and carbon efficiencies, reduce fossil fuel consumption, and increase the profitability. For example, we are investigating processes which use solid oxide fuel cells to generate electricity. Not only are SOFCs efficient electrochemical devices, but when properly integrated into an energy system, electricity can be produced from fossil fuels with zero CO2 emissions. However, many challenges must be overcome before they can be used flexibly and reliably enough to satisfy peaking power demands at the municipal scale. Other projects of interest include flexible and sustainable polygeneration processes which can change their products throughout the day based on market prices or demand, and chemical looping-based polygeneration processes which can co-produce liquid fuels and electricity with zero CO2 emissions.

Image from J Power Sources, 228 281-293 (2013)

Dr. Thomas A. Adams II
Associate Professor
Haoxiang Lai
Ph.D. Candidate
Jamie Rose
Ph.D. Candidate
A Mathematical Model for Prediction of Long-Term Degradation Effects in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Naeini, M.Lai, H., Cotton, James S., Adams, T. A. II
Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research (2021)  -  [ Publisher Version ]
Design and Eco-techno-economic Analyses of SOFC/GT Hybrid Systems Accounting for Long-term Degradation Effects
Int J Hydrogen Energy, 46 5629 (2021)  -  [ Publisher Version ]
Technoeconomic analysis of a waste tire to liquefied synthetic natural gas (SNG) energy system
Subramanian ASR, Gundersen T, Adams, T. A. II
Energy, 205 117830 (2020)  -  [ Publisher Version ]
Techno-economic analysis of coke oven gas and blast furnace gas to methanol process with carbon dioxide capture and utilization
Energy Conversion and Management, 204 112315 (2020)  -  [ Publisher Version ]
Comprehensive environmental impact assessment of a combined petroleum coke and natural gas to Fischer-Tropsch diesel process
Int J Greenhouse Gas Control, 96 103012 (2020)  -  [ Publisher Version ]
Comparison of steel manufacturing off-gas utilization methods via life cycle analysis
Journal of Cleaner Production, 77 123568 (2020)  -  [ Publisher Version ]
Techno-economic and environmental analyses of a novel, sustainable process for production of liquid fuels
Applied Energy , 236 850-866 (2019)  -  [ Publisher Version ]
Life Cycle Assessment of Petroleum Coke Gasification to Fischer-Tropsch Diesel
Computer Aided Chemical Engineering, 46 1495-1500 (2019)  -  [ Publisher Version ]
Modeling and Simulation of a Waste Tire to Liquefied Synthetic Natural Gas (SNG) Plant
Avinash, Shankar Rammohan Subramanian, Donghoi, Kim, Adams, T. A. II, Truls, Gundersen
Computer Aided Chemical Engineering, 47 397-402 (2019)  -  [ Publisher Version ]
Systems Design of A Petroleum Coke IGCC Power Plant: Technical, Economic, And Life Cycle Perspectives
Computer Aided Chemical Engineering, 47 163-168 (2019)  -  [ Publisher Version ]