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Sustainable Energy Conversion Processes

We are developing new, more sustainable processes which convert biomass, coal, natural gas, shale oil, and/or nuclear energy into energy products such as electricity, gasoline, diesel, methanol, dimethyl ether, and hydrogen. Process innovations can reduce lifecycle CO2 emissions, improve the thermal and carbon efficiencies, reduce fossil fuel consumption, and increase the profitability. For example, we are investigating processes which use solid oxide fuel cells to generate electricity. Not only are SOFCs efficient electrochemical devices, but when properly integrated into an energy system, electricity can be produced from fossil fuels with zero CO2 emissions. However, many challenges must be overcome before they can be used flexibly and reliably enough to satisfy peaking power demands at the municipal scale. Other projects of interest include flexible and sustainable polygeneration processes which can change their products throughout the day based on market prices or demand, and chemical looping-based polygeneration processes which can co-produce liquid fuels and electricity with zero CO2 emissions.

Image from J Power Sources, 228 281-293 (2013)

Dr. Thomas A. Adams II
Associate Professor
Lingyan Deng
Ph.D. Candidate
Leila Hoseinzade
Ph.D. Candidate
Haoxiang Lai
Ph.D. Candidate
Nina Monteiro
Ph.D. Candidate
Biomass-Gas-and-Nuclear-To-Liquids (BGNTL) Processes Part I: Model Development and Simulation
Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, 96 1853-1871 (2018)  -  [ Publisher Version | Open Access Version (free) ]
A direct steam generation concentrated solar power plant with a decalin/naphthalene thermochemical storage system
Chem Eng Res Des, 131 584-599 (2018)  -  [ Publisher Version | Open Access Version (free) ]
Techno-economic comparison of acetone-butanol-ethanol fermentation using various extractants
Energy Conversion Manage, 156 288-300 (2018)  -  [ Publisher Version | Open Access Version (free) ]
The optimal design of a distillation system for the flexible polygeneration of dimethyl ether and methanol under uncertainty
Adams, T. A. IIThatho, T., Le Feuvre, Matthew C., Swartz, C. L. E.
Frontiers in Energy Research, 6 41 (2018)  -  [ Publisher Version ]
Dynamic modeling of integrated mixed reforming and carbonless heat systems
Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 57 (17) 6013-6023 (2018)  -  [ Publisher Version | Open Access Version (free) ]
Technical challenges in operating an SOFC in fuel flexible gas turbine hybrid systems: Coupling effects of cathode air mass flow
Harun, N. F., Tucker, David, Adams, T. A. II
Applied Energy, 94 852-867 (2017)  -  [ Publisher Version | Open Access Version (free) ]
Design and assessment of advanced thermochemical plants for second generation biobutanol production considering mixed alcohols synthesis kinetics
Ind Eng Chem Res, 56 1543-1558 (2017)  -  [ Publisher Version ]
Open Loop and Closed Loop Performance of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Turbine Hybrid Systems during Fuel Composition Changes
Harun, N. F., Tucker, David, Adams, T. A. II
Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, 139 061702 (2017)  -  [ Publisher Version ]
Comparison of CO2 Capture Approaches for Fossil-Based Power Generation: Review and Meta-Study
Processes, 5 (3) 44 (2017)  -  [ Publisher Version | Open Access Version (free) ]
Impact of fuel composition transients on SOFC performance in gas turbine hybrid systems
Harun, N. F., Tucker, David, Adams, T. A. II
Applied Energy, 164 446-461 (2016)  -  [ Publisher Version | Open Access Version (free) ]